Cannabidiol (CBD) Oil
A concentrate, tincture, or cannabis extract with a high concentration of cannabidiol (CBD), typically extracted from marijuana or industrial hemp.
Types of CBD Oil
CBD oil comes in several different types and formulas. There’s CBD hemp oil, which is extracted from industrial hemp, and CBD oil extracted from marijuana. The most popular types of CBD oil typically fit into one of three categories:
Full Spectrum: Also known as whole-plant CBD oil, full-spectrum CBD oil is a mix of CBD, minor cannabinoids, cannabis-derived terpenes, and trace amounts of THC. In cannabis, the term full spectrum refers to a concentration of every compound extracted from the cannabis plant.
- Broad Spectrum: Contains a similar spectrum of all of the cannabinoids and terpenes extracted from the plant, but with the trace amounts of THC removed.
- Isolate: Often known as raw CBD oil, isolate has had all other cannabinoids and terpenes stripped away until all that’s left is a crystalline powder of pure CBD. To create an oil, crystalline CBD powder is usually mixed with a carrier oil such as coconut or olive oil. CBD isolates with a purity range of 99.9% and above won’t have trace amounts of THC, whereas a CBD isolate of 99.5% and below may still have traces of THC.
CBD may also be one of the following product types:
- Isolate: isolated CBD compound in a fine white powder
- Concentrates: cartridges, vape pens, syringes, etc.
- Infusions: CBD-infused edibles, capsules, topicals, and sublingual sprays
Some of the ailments for which CBD oil is frequently used, and for which studies have shown potential for successful treatment with CBD, include:
Anti-inflammation/pain relief: A variety of studies have shown CBD has potential in treating inflammation. It may also treat migraines by signaling pain receptor pathways in the body.
Anxiety: CBD oil is used by some as an alternative anti-anxiety medication. According to a recent study, 300 milligrams of CBD may be the optimal dose to effectively treat short-term anxiety, such as the kind associated with public speaking.
- Epilepsy/Seizures: Modern epilepsy patients, and parents of children experiencing seizures, sometimes turn to CBD oil as a possible supplement to help with their convulsive symptoms. Research on CBD as an anticonvulsant was strong enough to lead the FDA to approve CBD in the form of Epidiolex, a treatment for two rare forms of childhood epilepsy.
- CBD for pets: CBD oil is frequently used in hopes of treating several common ailments in dogs including arthritis, inflammation, epilepsy, and even anxiety. Little research has been done into CBD dosing for pets, so it’s best to start with a low dose and work upward when treating a dog with CBD oil.